Winners of Nobel Prize honored for their work with lasers

Theresa Obrien
October 5, 2018

Researchers Arthur Ashkin, Gerard Mourou and Donna Strickland were Tuesday awarded the 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics for "groundbreaking inventions" in the field of lasers, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said.

Mourou was affiliated with the Ecole Polytechnique of France and the University of MI in the USA, while Strickland, his student, is a professor at the University of Waterloo in Canada.

With the ability to manipulate tiny cells like sperm and eggs, optical tweezers are used in research involving in vitro fertilization, Grier said.

"Now that I'm a Nobel Prize victor, they might say, 'Oh he's a smart guy, we'd better accept his paper, ' " Ashkin said.

Prof Ashkin told the Nobel committee that he may not be able to give any interviews because "he is very busy with his latest paper". Optical tweezers make it possible to observe, turn, cut, push and pull with light.

The revelation of the scandal prompted the cancellation of this year's Nobel prize for literature - a first in 70 years - and saw seven members of the academy either being forced to leave or quitting in April, including Frostenson.

Dr Strickland and Dr Mourou helped to develop short and intense laser pulses that have broad industrial and medical applications.

While laser eye surgery is the most familiar application of their work, it has also let scientists probe fundamental forces acting within matter at very high temperatures and pressures, Mr Moloney said.

Strickland's part in the award was made in December 1985, with the publication of her doctoral dissertation while at the University of Rochester.

Kavanaugh's confirmation looking likely after Federal Bureau of Investigation probe
Judge Kavanaugh, meanwhile, expressed regret for his angry testimony before the Senate Judiciary Committee a week ago. The court has the final say on some of the most contentious issues in the USA , including abortion and gun control.

Kohli completes 1000 Test runs in 2018
Pujara too looked at ease at the other end until he was caught behind off debutant Sherman Lewis, missing out on a 16th Test ton. Just when it looked like Windies would crawl back to the game, Kohli and Rahane joined hands to share a 105-run stand.

Democrats question Kavanaugh's credibility and temperament
Flake has clashed repeatedly with Trump over his behaviour and is retiring at year's end. Feeding the anxiety was an unusually beefy presence of the U.S.

In becoming the first women Nobel physics laureate in 55 years, Strickland won acclaim from her peers, who were keen to point out the boundary-pushing work done by female scientists across the world. "I'm honoured to be one of those women", Strickland said.

The 72-year-old is now on trial in Stockholm, facing two counts of rape of a woman seven years ago.

She was pleased with sharing the award with Mourou.

When the pair refined the technique, Strickland recalled Mourou's advice to talk up their accomplishment and tell their peers that the gigawatt laser they had developed would lay the groundwork for devices a million times more powerful down the road.

Gérard Mourou, born 1944 in Albertville, France. Ph.D.

She said that while women rarely won the top honours in science, demographics were changing rapidly and awards bodies needed to keep up with changing demographics.

In May, the academy - which was founded by King Gustav III in 1786 and is still under royal patronage - announced that in view of its "currently diminished" membership and the public's "reduced confidence" in its deliberations, it would not be awarding a prize this year. The economics?award is due next week. The economics prize, which is not technically a Nobel, will be announced October 8.

Witness the career status of one of the co-recipients of the just-announced 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics: Dr.

Other reports by

Discuss This Article