Myanmar generals should be prosecuted for genocide, war crimes

Arturo Kim
August 27, 2018

The report, based on hundreds of interviews, is the strongest condemnation from the United Nations so far of violence against the Rohingya.

Suu Kyi "has not used her de facto position as Head of Government, nor her moral authority, to stem or prevent the unfolding events, or seek alternative avenues to meet a responsibility to protect the civilian population", the report said.

Facebook said it took the step "since global experts, including a UN-commissioned report, have found evidence that many of these officials committed serious human rights abuses in the country", Wareing said.

They called on the UN Security Council to refer the Myanmar situation to the International Criminal Court, or for an ad hoc international criminal tribunal to be created. "The Tatmadaw's tactics are consistently and grossly disproportionate to actual security threats, especially in Rakhine State, but also in northern Myanmar", the report said.

The fact-finding mission went beyond the military's actions in Rakhine and investigated its conduct more broadly since 2011, a time when the world was celebrating the country's opening to the West and nominally democratic transformation.

Across the border in Myanmar, the government said security patrols had been increased in the conflict area ahead of the anniversary for fear of further violence.

In Rakhine state, the report also found elements of extermination and deportation "similar in nature, gravity and scope to those that have allowed genocide intent to be established in other contexts".

Facebook (FB) said that the ban applied to Myanmar Commander-in-Chief Senior-General Min Aung Hlaing as well as a military television network.

Since August 2016, more than 600,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled Myanmar for Bangladesh, causing a humanitarian crisis.

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Reuters expressed disappointment that the verdict was not delivered as scheduled.

In April, seven soldiers were sentenced to 10 years in prison for participating in the Inn Din killings.

The three-member "fact-finding mission" and their team, working under a mandate from the UN-backed Human Rights Council, meticulously assembled hundreds of accounts from expatriate Rohingya, as well as satellite footage and other information to assemble the report. Their report said the commander-in-chief of Myanmar's armed forces and five generals should be prosecuted for orchestrating the gravest crimes under law.

"The result is a continuing situation of severe, systemic and institutionalised oppression from birth to death", the investigators say. Until the day the United Nations and the ICC (International Criminal Court) will present Min Aung Hlaing (Myanmar Military's Commander in Chief) in court and punish him, we are not going to believe any statement. The list included Commander-in-Chief Ming Aung Hlaing and his deputy. Many people in Buddhist-majority Myanmar view the group as illegal immigrants from Bangladesh, a myth promulgated by decades of propaganda.

The Rohingya are one of the many ethnic minorities in Myanmar and make up the largest percentage of Muslims.

"We continue to work to prevent the misuse of Facebook in Myanmar - including through the independent human rights impact assessment we commissioned earlier in the year", the company said.

The accounts were followed by a total of nearly 12 million people, Facebook said, adding that data had been preserved.

The UN report singled out Facebook for its "slow and ineffective" response.

Facebook had acknowledged in a statement issued 10 days ago following a Reuters investigative report into its failure to combat hate speech against the Rohingya and other Muslims in Myanmar that it had been "too slow" to address the problem.

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